Verb tenses: past participle



Past participles are used when structuring perfect tenses (e.g. I have completed the task) and the passive voice (e.g. The task was completed yesterday).


In the case of regular verbs, the participle ends with -ed (e.g. completed). There are many irregular verbs and many of there have irregular past participles

Present Past Past participle
Regular Complete Completed Completed
Irregular Take Took Taken
Irregular Fly Flew Flown


  • I have lived in Rio de Janeiro for 10 years.
  • I have been to New York City once in my life. I hope to go again soon.
  • The photo was taken at sunrise.
  • Car was bought from the used car salesroom on the high street.
Further learning
Description Author Language
Helpful list of irregular verbs. Ginger Software