The car is being repaired. - O carro está sendo reparado.
Most of the time we use the active voice because we focus on the person or thing doing something:
If we want to focus on the object of the sentence we can use the passive voice:
The passive voice is formed using the verb 'to be' (was) + 'past participle' (arrested).
When to use:
The above examples have the same meaning. We usually use the passive when we can't or don't want to specify the subject:
|Present Simple||People speak English all over the world.||English is spoken all over the world.|
|Present Continuous||They are writing essays.||Essays are being written.|
|Present Perfect||They have bought new clothes.||New clothes have been bought.|
|Past Simple||They forgot the answer.||The answer was forgotten.|
|Past Continuous||Somebody was robbing the bank at 11 p.m. yesterday.||The bank was being robbed at 11 p.m. yesterday.|
|Past Perfect||They had brought a cake.||A cake had been brought.|
|Future Simple||They will deliver the letter on Monday.||The letter will be delivered on Monday.|
|Future Perfect||They will have finished the report by Friday.||The report will have been finished by Friday.|