Pronouns: it is | there is | there are


We use it when the sentence does not have another subject. It, followed by the verb to be, serves as the subject:

  • It is hot.
  • It's time to go now.
  • It was very nice to meet your family.

We use there followed by the verb to be to express existence:

  • There is a TV in my room.
  • There are too many people here.
  • Is there any milk?
  • There aren't many options.

Ao contrário do português, no qual é comum haver frases sem sujeito, em inglês é necessário haver um:

  • Está muito frio hoje.
  • It's very cold today.
  • Faz duas horas que ele saiu.
  • It has been two hours since he left.

Os verbos there is/there are podem ser facilmente traduzidos como 'haver':

  • There is a package to you here.
  • Há uma encomenda para você aqui.
  • There are more people than we had imagined.
  • Há mais pessoas do que tinhamos imaginado.

Obs.: Não se pode usar o verbo 'ter' (have) para expressar existência como se faz em português:

  • Tem mosquitos demais aqui. Have too many mosquitoes here. There are too many mosquitoes here.'
Further learning
Description Author Language
5 common mistakes when using 'there is' and 'there are' JenniferESL