Indefinite pronouns are used to refer to people or things, e.g. Somebody stole my bicycle.
Note: When describing people, there is no difference in meaning between -one (e.g. someone) and -body (e.g. somebody). In formal language situations, the -one pronouns are more commonly used.
The correct indefinite pronoun to use depends on if the phrase is affirmative, negative or interrogative (question).
These can use some-, any-, no- and every- pronouns:
These can only use -any:
These can use -any, some- or every-:
Note: when comparing to Portuguese, it is not possible to directly translate into English. Usually, each Portuguese indefinite pronoun has two possibilities in English. The choice between the two options depends on the phrase type (affirmative/negative/question)
|Alguém -> somebody in affirmative phrases||Alguém está na porta.||Somebody is at the door.|
|Alguém -> anybody in question phrases||Alguém pode me ajudar?||Can anyone help me?|
|Qualquer pessoa -> anybody||É fácil. Qualquer pessoa consegue fazer isso.||It's easy! Anyone can do it.|
|Alguma coisa -> something in affirmative phrases||Alguma coisa está errada.||Something is wrong.|
|Alguma coisa -> anything in question phrases||Você sabe alguma coisa sobre isso?||Do you know anything about this.|
|Qualquer coisa -> anything||Me pergunte qualquer coisa.||Ask me anything.|
|Ninguém -> nobody when ninguém is the subject||Ninguém gosta de mim.||Nobody likes me.|
|Ninguém -> nobody when ninguém is the object||Eu não preciso de ninguém.||I don't need anyone.|
|Examples of how to use 'something', 'anything', 'nothing' and 'everything'.||Ask Jackie|
|The basic rules for using indefinite pronouns and some extra tips.||Smrt English|