A connector is a word that links two similar items (words, phrases, clauses). We usually use them to make sentences more fluid and express more sophisticated ideas:
Formal x informal
Some connectors express the same idea, but change in terms of formality. We can use them depending on the context to sound more formal or more informal:
Connectors can appear at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of sentences. Some of them are more flexible and can appear in different places:
Some linking words are followed by a clause (subject + verb + object):
Some linking words are followed by just an object:
There are many different kinds of connectors (addition, contrast, conclusion, etc):
|Contrast||however, nonetheless, nevertheless, etc.|
|Addition||in addition, moreover, furthermore, etc.|
|Example||for example, for instance, to illustrate, etc.|
|Conclusion||therefore, thus, as a result, etc.|
|Similarity||in the same way, similarly, likewise, etc|
It is not always possible to translate connectors very well. In some cases, the translation will be helpful:
- I have never been to Vienna. However, I have heard it is a beautiful city. Eu nunca fui a Viena. Porém ouvi dizer que é uma cidade linda.
In some other cases, translating will not be so practical:
- As a matter of fact, what he said was simply absurd.
Instead of translating connectors, it is better to learn some for different situations in context.