Conditionals: third conditional


If I had studied more, I would have passed the exams - Se eu **tivesse estudado mais, eu teria passado a prova.

If A had happened, B would have happened.


The third conditional is used to talk about something that did not happen in the past and to imagine a situation if the past had happened differently.


If + past perfect, modal + have + past participle.


  • If you had visited Tokyo last year, you could have stayed with me (but I now live in London).
  • If someone had brought a map, we would have found the statue (but we didn’t find it).
Further learning
Description Author Language
Lots of examples, how to construct and a pronunciation tip. BBC Learning
Examples and a tip about when to use the second or third conditional. TeacherIHaveAQuestion